Steven Levitt, Paul Romer and Jeff Severts, Opinion contributors Published 3:15 a.m. ET April 30, 2020 CLOSE Dr. Tom Inglesby, director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security, talks with USA TODAY’s Jayne O’Donnell about isolation, reopening and COVID-19 vaccines. USA TODAYPandemillions? COVID dividends? We will need penalties and rewards to encourage coronavirus tests and quarantines as we reopen our economy.The consensus among public health experts is that safely emerging from lockdown will require testing millions of Americans every week for the virus that causes COVID-19 and isolating those who test positive. To make that a reality, we need sufficient testing capabilities, but we also need people to actually take the tests and stay home if they’re positive.The $25 billion that Congress has just allocated for testing could go a long way toward giving the nation the additional capacity this will require. We should now turn some of our attention toward compliance — peoples’ willingness to be tested and, if necessary, go into quarantine. Compliance could turn out to be the biggest bottleneck to our success if we don’t get the incentives right.Even seemingly healthy people will need to take testsIt will be easy to persuade those suffering from the symptoms of

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